of National Biosafety Frameworks Project
The UNEP-GEF global project on the development of National Biosafety Frameworks
began in June 2001. This three year project is designed to assist up to
100 countries to develop their National Biosafety Frameworks so that they
can comply with the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. The project will also
promote regional and sub-regional cooperation on biosafety.
The UNEP-GEF global project will:
- Assist up to 100 eligible countries to
prepare their National BiosafetyFrameworks. Using a country-driven process,
the global project will help each participating country to set up a framework
for management of living modified organisms (LMOs) at the national level,
allowing them to meet the requirements of the Cartagena Protocol.
- Promote regional and sub-regional collaboration
and exchange of experience on issues of relevance to the National Biosafety
Frameworks. This will help to make efficient use of financial and human
resources, establish regional and sub-regional networks, and promote
harmonization of risk assessment procedures and regulatory instruments.
- Provide advice and support to countries
throughout the development of their National Biosafety Frameworks.
How can countries join?
To join the project, countries need to
meet the GEF eligibility requirements:
- They must sign or ratify the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety;
- They are eligible for GEF funding;
- They have not received assistance previously from the UNEP-GEF Pilot
Project on Biosafety;
- Their national GEF Focal Point has formally expressed the country's
interest in participating in the Project.
Development of Frameworks will include:
- Information gathering
- Analysis,consultation, training
- Preparation of a draft NBF (draft legal instruments, administrative
systems, risk assessment procedures, systems for public participation
Regional workshops to:
- Increase understanding of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
- Assess implications for risk assessment and decision-making at national
Sub-regional workshops to identify:
- For capacity building
- Opportunities for collaboration
- Mechanisms for sharing of risk assessment
and management experiences
- To coordinate capacity building actvities
- Networking to share lessons and experiences.
The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety aims:
"to contribute to ensuring an adequate
level of protection in the field of the safe transfer, handling and use
of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology that may
have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological
diversity, taking also into account risks to human health, and specifically
focusing on transboundary movements".
- assist countries to establish their national biosafety frameworks;
- promote information sharing and collaboration, especially at the regional
and sub-regional level; and
- promote collaboration with other organizations to assist capacity-building
for the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.
The global project is designed to help countries
comply with the Cartagena Protocol, and takes into account the lessons
learned from the UNEP-GEF Pilot Project on Development of National Biosafety
How is the project funded?
The total cost of the UNEP-GEF Biosafety Project
is $38.4 million. This is funded by a contribution of $26.1 million from
the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), with co-financing of $12.3 million
from UNEP and participating countries. These countries will contribute
one third of the costs of their national projects, in cash and/or in kind.