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International Ozone Day 1995


The World Celebrates Ozone Day 95

On 16 September 1995, countries all over the world celebrated the first International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. Officially declared by the UN General Assembly through resolution No. 49/114, this day commemorates the signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and the international efforts made to combat this problem. Ozone Day this year also marked the 10th anniversary of the Vienna Convention.

Several activities were organized through the countries' National Ozone Units (ONU), aimed primarily at raising awareness on the problem of ozone depletion. The activities included workshops, lectures, concerts, drawing competitions, ozone rallies, parades, plays, quiz shows, the production of brochures, posters, videos, T-shirts, stickers, caps, pens and first day cover stamps. Media support was also very strong in conjunction with this day, as indicated by the extensive coverage in newspapers, magazines, on radio and television.

UNEP IE's OzonAction programme launched its 18-minute video "Saving the Ozone Layer - Every Action Counts,"and distributed it to over 100 developing countries. Thirty-six countries broadcast the video on their national television channels for Ozone Day. The OzonAction programme's posters were also distributed world-wide for this occasion. Some countries translated and printed these in large quantities for national distribution.

UNEP would like to congratulate all developing countries on their tremendous efforts to bring ozone layer protection to the forefront of public interest and encourage developed countries to participate in this global effort. The International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer has and will continue to provide a unique opportunity to raise awareness on this urgent issue.

The following activities took place in the designated countries:


ALGERIA

A meeting - debate was held with representatives from various ministries, industries and NGOs, discussing the implementation of the Montreal Protocol in Algeria.


BAHAMAS

Organized a series of presentations at high schools; broadcast radio programmes and talk shows; a statement was delivered by the Prime Minister; arranged a meeting of groups involved in putting together the Bahamas Country Programme.


BOSNIA/HERZEGOVINA

Information was diffused to television and print media to encourage coverage on the importance of the ozone layer and the potential health and environmental effects.


BRAZIL

A conference was organized for the general public, attended by 800 people including 20 schools. A presentation was given on ozone depletion, an ozone play was acted and performances were given by the Young Philharmonic orchestra, a calypso band and an African dance group. There was also a drawing competition. The event was supported by industry.


BURKINA FASO

Arranged for interviews on television and radio, broadcast the UNEP video on television, and produced a T-shirt commemorating the occasion.


CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Held an Ozone Layer Protection conference and produced a T-shirt commemorating the occasion.


CHINA

A ministerial commemorative meeting was organized attended by government officials, international organizations, industry and the media. The market place was the site of a major public awareness campaign - brochures, posters, T-shirts, hats and CFC-free foam birds were distributed. The public was given the opportunity to talk to the experts, ask questions and receive information. TV and press coverage was extensive.

Both UNEP's video and posters were translated into Chinese. UNEP's video was broadcast on television along with a Chinese video, and 80,000 copies of UNEP's posters were printed and distributed.


COLOMBIA

A week of celebratory activities were organized - including radio and television programmes and conferences on ozone issues. Industry was involved in supporting the event.


COSTA RICA

Broadcast an official ministerial ceremony on all TV stations; held special conferences at schools, high schools and universities; circulated 97,000 copies of their poster; organized a T-shirt project with environmental clubs; and produced 6 radio tapes.


CROATIA

UNEP's video was translated into Croatian and broadcast on TV. Interviews and information were also broadcast on radio. All the important daily newspapers published articles about ozone later protection; a detailed article was published in the monthly "Okolis" ("Environment") magazine issued by the State Directorate for the Environment; an educational booklet "How to Protect the Ozone Layer" was published and distributed to the primary schools in Croatia.


CUBA

Held a workshop with members of the national group for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol; an Ozone Layer Decree was announced; there was extensive television and press coverage for the events; and a children's' drawing competition was held.


EGYPT

Held meetings and conferences, issued a first day cover stamp, distributed two posters, brochures, stickers, pens and T-shirts and organized cultural youth competitions.


EL SALVADOR

Produced a video and adapted the Ozone cartoon prepared by Uruguay for national television broadcast.


ETHIOPIA

The National Meteorological Services Agency coordinated the celebrations which were covered newspapers and on television.


GHANA

There was a photographic exhibition and document display at the Environment Protection Authority for the general public. Certificates of attendance were distributed to technicians that were trained by UNEP in good practices in refrigeration. A radio commentary was broadcast several times on Ozone Day and the UNEP video was broadcast on television.


GUATEMALA

A stand and video exhibition called Our Guatemala was organized and attended by 11,000 pupils and 6,000 adults; 126 environmental organizations were involved in the Environmental Education Day; there were school parades in 22 cities; school children completed a questionnaire to measure their level of awareness on ozone; many articles were published in newspapers, journals and magazines; interviews were televised.


JORDAN

Three workshops were organized for the general public, attended by 150 people. A 30 minute video was produced on national activities using footage from the UNEP video. Lectures were held in schools and universities. There were interviews and programmes on the radio and articles in the newspapers. A brochure was distributed to the general public.


KENYA

A seminar on Ozone Issues took place with presentations on the Vienna Convention, Montreal Protocol, stratospheric ozone science and the environmental effects of ozone depletion attended by the Minister of the Environment and the UNEP Executive Director. An exhibition organized by UNEP was on display and the UNEP video was broadcast on national television in both English and Kiswahili.


KUWAIT

Television and radio interviews were broadcast and newspaper articles were published.


LAOS

Held seminars and meetings for government officials from various agencies. Articles related to the science of ozone later depletion and governments efforts were published.


LATVIA

Produced a booklet, received newspaper coverage and prepared a television broadcast.


MALAWI

Held talks on various subject matters of the Protocol, televised a quiz, produced pamphlets, posters and mount banners in the cities to enhance public awareness.


MALAYSIA

Produced booklets and posters for distributions to schools, industry and the public. A video entitled Conservation of the Ozone Layer as well as the UNEP video were broadcast on national television. An ozone quiz and interviews were broadcast on radio with prizes provided by industry.


MAURITIUS

Produced posters and brochures and received media coverage in newspapers.


MOROCCO

Organized a day on information and sensibilisation to negative effects of ozone layer depletion.


NICARAGUA

An official function took place with the Minister of the Environment; there was an ozone competition with prizes, UNEP posters distributed (and given as prizes); a parade with banners was attended by many people; articles were published in the papers; 3 TV programmes (using parts of the UNEP video) and 3 radio programmes were broadcast.


NIGER

UNEP's video was broadcast on national TV, and lent to environmental organizations for viewing and discussions.


PANAMA

Prepared 6 TV presentations, broadcast UNEP's video, received radio and print coverage, painted a mural at the Ministry of Health, organized a ministerial address on the ozone layer, held conferences for second level schools in the capital and other cities that included a screening of UNEP's video, organized a poster competition for secondary level schools - the winner's entry is to be made into a postal stamp. The private sector participated to sponsor this event.


PHILIPPINES

Promoted an educational drive, with company commitments. Organized a seminar with slide shows, an ozone rally, a youth rap night for the environment, and the distribution of pamphlets and T-shirts.


ROMANIA

Held a drawing competition, produced brochures, received publicity in newspapers, distributed posters and produced a video.


SAINT LUCIA

Arranged a government address to the Nation over local radio and on television stations; printed newspaper supplements and feature articles; organized essay & art competitions for school students - the winning essays were published, the winning drawings were made into posters; prepared a TV discussion programme on local TV plus 50 short "did you know" statements for radio; summer camp sessions for students; broadcast the UNEP video and another video; distributed leaflets and posters.


SAMOA

Organized an open day where the public viewed and commented on displays prepared by organizations, industry and government agencies. There were talk shows and programmes on radio and television - the UNEP video was also broadcast.


SENEGAL

A conference-debate was organized by the Ministry of the Environment and the Senegalese Association of Refrigeration Engineers and Technicians (ASITEF). Refrigeration flyers were distributed. They showed the UNEP video on TV and also produced a T-shirt.


SINGAPORE

A news release was produced for making the occasion, there were also radio and TV programmes.


SRI LANKA

Held a series of lectures on the scientific aspects of ozone depletion to high school students, scientists and public; there was a public seminar with the Minister; several TV Panel discussions; the UNEP video was broadcast on television; posters, a newspaper and handouts were distributed.


SWAZILAND

Printed and illustrated environmental awareness article in he local paper; posted environmental posters around the center of town; UNEP's video was aired on Swazi Television - sponsorship was received from a refrigeration company.


SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC

Organized a scientific colloquium, and TV and Radio Programmes on ozone protection.


THAILAND

Held a seminar to educate Thai Youths about the ozone layer depletion, where they were asked to pledge that they would assist the government with ozone layer protection. The seminar was jointly organized and sponsored by the government, NGOs and industry. A prose competition was also organized for children. The Thai and UNEP videos were broadcast to inform the public about the government action to eliminate the use of ODSs, there was newspaper coverage; and brochures were distributed.


TURKEY

A conference to discuss the national ozone measurements & the action plan to preserve the ozone layer was held in Turkey. The media were furnished with written and audio visual information. Student Competitions were organized.


UGANDA

Held a workshop on the protection of the ozone layer.


URUGUAY

Many public awareness activities were organized, and posters, stickers, brochures and flyers were distributed. There was also much media coverage of the event.


VIETNAM

Organized a technology cooperation workshop in cooperation with UNEP, USEPA, MITI, ICOLP, JICOP and JEMA. Three radio spots, and three TV spots were produced as well as a special edition of an environmental bulletin on ozone layer protection.


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