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Bern Convention
Convention on the Conservation of Wildlife and Natural Habitats

The Council of Europe Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats - also known as the Bern Convention - was adopted on September 1979 in Bern (Switzerland) and came into force on 1 June 1982. It has 40 Contracting Parties including 35 member States of the Council of Europe as well as as the European Union.

The aims of the Convention are "to conserve wild flora and fauna and their natural habitats, especially those species and habitats whose conservation requires the co-operation of several States, and to promote such co-operation. Particular emphasis is given to endangered and vulnerable species, including endangered and vulnerable migratory species."

The Convention lists protected species on four Appendices: Appendix I lists strictly protected flora species , appendix II lists strictly protected fauna species, Appendix III lists protected fauna species, and Appendix IV lists prohibited means and methods of killing, capture and other forms of exploitation.


More information, including the full text and status of ratifications, ois available from the Council of Europe website