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Regional Seas Programme

 
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Regional Seas Conventions and Protocols

Mediterranean | Kuwait Region | West and Central Africa | South-East Pacific | Red Sea and Gulf of Aden| Wider Caribbean| Eastern Africa | South Pacific | Black Sea | North-East Pacific | partner programmes

Mediterranean

The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention); adopted on 16 February 1976, in force 12 February 1978; revised in Barcelona, Spain, 9-10 June 1995 as the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (not yet in force)
Revised text (1995)

The Protocol for the Prevention and Elimination of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft (Dumping Protocol); adopted in Barcelona, Spain, on 16 February 1976, in force 12 February 1978, revised in Barcelona, 9-10 June 1995 as the Protocol for the Prevention and Elimination of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft or Incineration at Sea
Original text (1976)
Revised text (1995)

The Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency (Emergency Protocol); adopted in Barcelona, Spain, on 16 February 1976, in force 12 February 1978
Full text

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources (LBS Protocol); adopted in Athens, Greece, on 17 May 1980, in force 17 June 1983, amended in Syracusa, Italy, 6 - 7 March 1996 as the Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities
Full text
Amended text

The Protocol Concerning Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas (SPA Protocol); adopted in Geneva Switzerland, on 2 April 1982, in force 1986, revised in Barcelona, Spain on 9-10 June 1995 as the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA and Biodiversity Protocol)
Full text
Revised text

The Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and its Subsoil (Offshore Protocol); adopted in Madrid, Spain, 13-14 October 1994
Full text

The Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Hazardous Wastes Protocol); adopted in Izmir, Turkey, 30 September-1 October 1996, not yet in force
Full text

Texts also available to downlead from the MAP website.

Kuwait region

Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution (Kuwait Convention); adopted 1978, in force 1979

Protocol Concerning Regional Co-operation in Combating Pollution by Oil and Other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency; adopted 1978, in force 1979

Protocol Protocol for the Protection of the Marine Environment against Pollution from Land-Based Sources; adopted 1990, in force 1993

Protocol on the Control of Marine Transboundary Movements and Disposal of Hazardous Wastes; adopted 1998

Protocol concerning Marine Pollution resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf; adopted 1989, in force 1990

West and Central Africa

Convention for Co-operation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region (Abidjan Convention); adopted 1981, in force 1984

Protocol on concerning cooperation in combating pollution in cases of emergency; adopted in 1981, in force 1984

South-East Pacific

Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the South-East Pacific (Lima Convention); adopted 1981; in force 1986

Agreement on Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the South-East Pacific by Hydrocarbons or Other Harmful Substances in Case of Emergency; adopted 1981

Supplementary Protocol to the Agreement on Regional Co-Operation in Combating Pollution of the South-East Pacific by Hydrocarbons or Other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency; adopted 1983, in force 1987

Protocol for the Protection of the South-East Pacific against Pollution from Land-based Sources; adopted 1983, in force 1986

Protocol for the Conservation and Management of Protected Marine and Coastal Areas of the South-East Pacific; adopted 1989, in force 1994

Protocol for the Protection of the South-East Pacific Against Radioactive Contamination; adopted 1989, in force 1995

Protocol on the Programme for the Regional Study on the El Niño Phenomenon (ERFEN) in the South-East Pacific; adopted 1992

Red Sea and Gulf of Aden

Regional Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment (Jeddah Convention); adopted 1982, in force 1985

Protocol Concerning Regional Co-Operation in Combating Pollution by Oil and Other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency; adopted 1982; in force 1985

Wider Caribbean

Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena Convention); adopted 1983, in force 1986

Protocol Concerning Co-operation in Combating Oil Spills in the Wider Caribbean Region; adopted 1983, in force 1986

Protocol concerning Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW); adopted 1990

Protocol on the prevention, reduction and control of land-based sources and activities; adopted 1999.

Texts available from the Caribbean Environment Programme.

Eastern Africa

The Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region (Nairobi Convention); adopted 1985, in force 1996

The Protocol concerning Protected Areas and Wild Fauna and Flora in the Eastern African Region; adopted 1985

The Protocol concerning Co-operation in Combating Marine Pollution in Cases of Emergency in the Eastern African Region; adopted 1985

South Pacific

Convention for the Protection of Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region (Noumea Convention); adopted 1986, in force 1990

Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the South Pacific Region by Dumping; adopted 1986, in force 1990

Protocol Concerning Co-operation in Combating Pollution Emergencies in the South Pacific Region; adopted 1986, in force 1990

Black Sea

Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (Bucharest Convention); adopted 1992, in force 1994 Full text

Protocol on Protection of the Black Sea Marine Environment Against Pollution from Land-based Sources; adopted 1992, in force 1994 Full text

Protocols on Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Black Sea Marine Environment by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Emergency Situations; adopted 1992, in force 1994 Full text

Protocol on the Protection of the Black Sea Marine Environment Against Pollution by Dumping; adopted 1992, in force 1994 Full text

North-East Pacific

The Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northeast Pacific; adopted 2002. Full text

Partner programmes

Antarctic: Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR); in force 1982

Baltic: Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention); adopted 1974, in force 1980, revised 1992, in force 2000

Caspian: Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea; adopted 2003

North-East Atlantic: The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic – Oslo and Paris conventions; adopted 1974, revised and combined into OSPAR Convention 1992, in force 1998

No conventions have yet been developed for East Asian Seas, South Asian Seas, North West Pacific, North-East Pacific, Arctic.

Get more information on regional and global conventions from:

This site:
List of legal agreements relating to the marine environment


Other sites:
UNEP Register of Environmental Conventions
GIWA list of Global and Regional International Conventions, Agreements and Declarations
Yearbook of International Cooperation on Environment and Development 1999/2000
ECOLEX, a new source of information on international and national environmental law sponsored by UNEP and IUCN. Visit the ECOLEX website.