This convention was established to control pollution of the sea by dumping
of wastes which could create hazards to human health or to harm living resources
and marine life, to damage amenities, and to interfere with other legitimate
uses of the sea. It also encourages regional agreements supplementary to the
It contains three Annexes: dumping of matter listed in Annex I is prohibited;
dumping of matter listed in Annex II is allowable only by special permit; dumping
of matter listed in annex III is allowable only by general permit.
It calls on Parties "to promote measures to prevent pollution by hydrocarbons,
other matter transported other than for dumping, wastes generated during operation
of ships etc., radioactive pollutants and matter originating from exploration
of the sea bed."
The Convention was adopted on 29 December 1972 in London, Mexico City, Moscow
and Washington, D.C., and entered into force on 30 August 1975.
Read a UNEP summary
or the full
text from ENTRI.